Title

Quantum Superconductor-Metal Transitions in the Presence of Quenched Disorder

Abstract

InOx films that are less disordered than those exhibiting direct quantum superconductor-insulator transitions feature quantum superconductor-metal transitions tuned by magnetic field. Resistance data across this superconductor-metal transition obey activated scaling, with critical exponents suggesting that the transition is governed by an infinite-randomness critical point in the universality class of the random transverse-field Ising model in two dimensions. The transition is accompanied by quantum Griffiths effects. This unusual behavior is expected for systems with quenched disorder in the presence of ohmic dissipation. Disorder leads to the formation of large rare regions which are locally ordered superconducting puddles dispersed in a metallic matrix. Their dissipative dynamics causes the activated scaling, as predicted by a renormalization group theory.

Department(s)

Physics

Keywords and Phrases

Quantum Griffiths effects; Quenched disorder; Superconductor-metal transitions

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1557-1939; 1557-1947

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2020 Springer, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2020

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