Title

The Role of Multiple Ionization of H₂O in Heavy Ion Collisions

Abstract

Collisional ionization processes involving H2O molecules and C6+, O8+, Si13+ ions are studied by means of the classical trajectory Monte Carlo method using molecular orbital calculations to define the ionization stages of the water molecule. Net total and single-differential cross sections in energy and angle are obtained by using a newly developed model that goes beyond the commonly applied one-active electron approximation. This model allows us to access the fraction of electron emission arising from single and multiple electron ionization. Calculated cross sections are contrasted and benchmarked against available experimental data at impact energies in the MeV/u range. The present results highlight the important role of multiple ionization in the emission of electrons where we find the majority of electrons emitted with energies greater than ∼50 eV arise from multiple ionization collisions.

Department(s)

Physics

Keywords and Phrases

Cross Sections; Heavy Ion Collisions; Radiotherapy; Single And Multiple Ionization; Water

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0031-9155; 1361-6560

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2019 Institute of Physics - IOP Publishing, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Oct 2019

PubMed ID

31487696

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