Jet Geometry and Rate Estimate of Coincident Gamma-Ray Burst and Gravitational-Wave Observations


Short gamma-ray burst (SGRB) progenitors have long been thought to be coalescing binary systems of two neutron stars (NSNS) or a neutron star and a black hole. The 2017 August 17th detection of the GW170817 gravitational-wave (GW) signal by Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo in coincidence with the electromagnetic observation of the SGRB GRB 170817A confirmed this scenario and provided new physical information on the nature of these astronomical events. We use SGRB observations by the Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory Burst Alert Telescope and GW170817/GRB 170817A observational data to estimate the detection rate of coincident GW and electromagnetic observations by a GW detector network and constrain the physical parameters of the SGRB jet structure. We estimate the rate of GW detections coincident with SGRB electromagnetic detections by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor to be between ~0.1 and ~0.6 yr-1 in the third LIGO-Virgo observing run and between ~0.3 and ~1.8 yr-1 for the LIGO-Virgo-KAGRA network at design sensitivity. Assuming a structured model with a uniform ultrarelativistic jet surrounded by a region with power-law decay emission, we find the jet half-opening angle and the power-law decay exponent to be θc ~ 7°-22° and s ~ 5-30 at a 1σ confidence level, respectively.



Keywords and Phrases

Gamma-Ray Burst: General; Stars: Black Holes; Stars: Jets; Stars: Neutron

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0004-637X; 1538-4357

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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Publication Date

01 Jul 2019