We have developed a low-loss, ultrasmall radio frequency (rf) metamaterial operating at ~76 MHz. This miniaturized medium is made up of planar spiral elements with diameter as small as ~λ/658 (λ is the free space wavelength), fashioned from Nb thin films on quartz substrates. The transmission data are examined below and above the superconducting transition temperature of Nb for both a single spiral and a one dimensional array. The validity of the design is tested through numerical simulations and good agreement is found. We discuss how superconductors enable such a compact design in the rf with high loaded-quality factor (in excess of 5000), which is in fact difficult to realize with ordinary metals.



Keywords and Phrases

Compact designs; Free-space wavelengths; Low loss; Numerical simulation; One-dimensional arrays; Planar spirals; Quality factors; Quartz substrate; Radio frequencies; Transmission data; Ultra-small; Computer simulation; Electronic equipment; Metamaterials; Oxide minerals; Superconducting transition temperature; Superconductivity

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Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

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© 2010 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jun 2010

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Physics Commons