Performance Evaluation of a Fast Mobility-Based Particle Spectrometer for Aircraft Exhaust
The Cambustion DMS500, a novel aerosol sizing instrument with fast time resolution, was first employed to sample jet engine particulate matter emissions during Project APEX. This paper compares the performance of the DMS500 to that of traditional aerosol instruments for sampling jet engine exhaust aerosol under field conditions during this campaign. The observed geometric mean diameter with respect to the particle number (D g) ranged from 15 to 45 nm, and with respect to the mass (third moment) distribution (D gM) from 21 to 112 nm, the geometric standard deviation (σ g) ranged from 1.22 to 1.90 and the total number concentration (N) ranged from 6 x 10 3 to 3.3 x 10 5/cm 3 (after dilution). On average, the D g, D gM, σ g, and N of the DMS500 size distributions differed by -9, -7, +1, and +30% from the reference values of the traditional instruments. Compared with the reference values, both D g and σ g of the DMS500 showed a small but statistically significant decrease with increasing particle size. Effects due to particle shape appeared to be the most likely explanation for the observed size-related trends. The 30% disagreement in concentration measurements is reasonable when the sensitivity of the 3022 condensation particle counter to pressure fluctuations encountered during measurements at the engine exhaust nozzle is taken into account.
D. E. Hagen et al., "Performance Evaluation of a Fast Mobility-Based Particle Spectrometer for Aircraft Exhaust," Journal of Propulsion and Power, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 628-634, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), May 2009.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.2514/1.37654
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Aerosol instrument; Aircraft exhausts; Cambustion; Concentration Measurement; Condensation particle counters; Engine exhaust; Fast mobility; Field conditions; Geometric mean; Geometric standard deviations; Jet engine exhaust; Particle numbers; Particle shape; Particulate matter emissions; Performance evaluation; Pressure fluctuation; Reference values; Time resolution; Total number concentrations; Jet engines
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2009 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), All rights reserved.
01 May 2009