Nonequilibrium thermodynamics is used to analyze the spatial distribution of heat release mechanisms occurring in fuel cells operating under load in nonisothermal steady states. Novel contributions to heat release in the bulk electrolyte are found which are analogous to Peltier and Thomson effects in metallic conductors. Expresions for the heat release at individual electrodes are presented. An equation for the voltage of these cells is also derived. © 1980 American Institute of Physics.
G. Wilemski, "Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics of Fuel Cells: Heat Release Mechanisms and Voltage," Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 369-377, American Institute of Physics (AIP), Jan 1980.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1063/1.438859
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© 1980 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.