Assessment of Nucleation Boiling Models and Improvement by the Chen Correlation for Two-Fluid Model CFD


Accurate prediction of vapor generation due to wall nucleation boiling is important in boiling heat transfer systems such as nuclear reactors. In current studies, simulations were performed using the commercial three-dimensional (3-D) Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code ANSYS CFX to compare the predictive capabilities of different bubble departure diameter models and departure frequency models for subcooled boiling flow. Six diameter models and seven frequency models, a total of 42 model combinations, were compared with data from four experimental conditions. The simulation results showed a large variation between different model combinations. There was no specific frequency model or diameter model which could consistently perform the best. Also, most of the results showed smaller void fraction than the experimental data near the heated wall as well as the bulk region. To improve, the Chen correlation was used in place of the bubble departure frequency model. The results showed void fraction predictions closer to experimental data.


Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science

Research Center/Lab(s)

Center for High Performance Computing Research

Keywords and Phrases

Bubbly Flow; Chen Correlation; Condensation; Nucleation Boiling; Subcooled Boiling; Two-Fluid Model

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2021 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Aug 2021