Improved Drift-Flux Correlation to Enhance the Prediction of Void Fraction in Nuclear Reactor Fuel Bundles at Low Flow and Elevated Pressure Conditions


The EPRI (1991) and the Clark et al. (2014) drift-flux correlations implemented in RELAP5/MOD3 code were benchmarked against the low-pressure void fraction data collected by Clark et al. (2014) at Purdue University and the high-pressure data collected by Anklam and Miller (1982) at ORNL. The Clark et al. correlation (2014) was found to perform best at low pressures of Clark et al. tests (2014), but the accuracy was deteriorated at higher pressures of Anklam and Miller tests (1982). To account for this effect, a pressure scaling factor has been added to the distribution parameter correlation to reduce the distribution parameter peaking at high pressures. This factor is dependent on the density ratio and it eliminates the distribution parameter enhancement effect for pressures over 0.5 MPa. It was confirmed that the new correlation with the correction improved the void fraction prediction performance at a higher pressure of Anklam and Miller tests (1982). The new correlation provides a transition between the Clark et al. correlation (2014) at low pressures and the correlation of Ozaki et al. (2013) and Ozaki and Hibiki (2015) at high pressures, which is excellent both in physical characteristics and scalability of two-phase flow in rod bundles.


Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science

Research Center/Lab(s)

Center for Research in Energy and Environment (CREE)

Second Research Center/Lab

Center for High Performance Computing Research

Keywords and Phrases

Drift-Flux Model; RELAP5; Rod Bundle; Void Fraction

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0022-3131; 1881-1248

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2020 Atomic Energy Society of Japan, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 May 2020