Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table for Thermal-Hydraulic Phenomena During a Small-Break LOCA with Loss of High Pressure Injection


Currently Appendix K of 10 CFR 50 is used in the United States to evaluate models for the emergency cooling systems of light-water reactors. To assure that these models are accurate enough to ensure that the cooling systems are satisfactory, code scalability, applicability and uncertainty methodologies are used to evaluate the uncertainty in system analysis code predictions due to the various models. One cornerstone of this methodology is the development of the Phenomenon Identification and Ranking Table (PIRT), which summarizes the thermal-hydraulic phenomenon associate with a particular accident scenario and ranks their importance in determining the effectiveness of core cooling and the parts of the accident for which the phenomenon may be important. In this paper the PIRT developed by the Institute for Nuclear Safety Systems for a small-break LOCA with loss of high-pressure emergency coolant injection is analyzed in detail and several modifications are proposed based on a mechanistic understanding of the phenomenon involved. The resulting PIRT should provide a more accurate guide for model evaluation and development in advanced thermal-hydraulic system analysis codes. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science

Keywords and Phrases

CSAU; LOCA; PIRT; Reactor Safety; Small Break

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Article - Journal

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© 2014 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2014