Developing Material Flows Analysis-Based Indicators of Coal Mining's Impact on Society


Environmental conflict between the public and private sectors, including mining, is highly visible and often based on deeply divergent environmental, social, and economic values. In order to achieve sound public policies by government, scientifically rigorous and objective analyses of mining's impacts are demanded. Material flows accounting and analysis, linked with other data to generate indicators of environmental, social, and economic impacts of mining activity are means toward providing cogent input into public policy-making on key issues. This paper will present a material flows analysis scheme for the coal industry and recommend derived, objective indicators of coal mining's impact on society.

Meeting Name

2004 SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit


Mining Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Department of Energy (DOE); Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); Coal Industry; Consumer Products; Database Systems; Environmental Impact; Industrial Economics; Material Accumulation; Material Flows Account (MFA); Public Policy; Regulatory Compliance; Decision making; Environmental protection; Materials handling; Social aspects; Sustainable development

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


File Type





© 2004 Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration Inc. (SME), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2004

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