Improving the safety and stability of composite roof in deep roadway is the strong guarantee for safe mining and sustainable development of coal mines. With three roadways of different composite roofs in Hulusu Coal Mine and Menkeqing Coal Mine as the research background, this paper explores the mechanical properties and energy dissipation law of coal-rock structures with different height ratios from the perspective of energy release and dissipation through lab experiments. The results indicate that the key to the stability of coal-rock structures lies in maintaining relatively low dissipation energy. Based on experimental results and the energy balance theory, two support principles were put forward and applied to experimental roadways. The field monitoring results show that the anchoring force on different composite roof displays different characteristics, proving that the work done by the support can adjust timely to the energy release and conversion so as to improve the safety and stability of roadways with different composite roofs. This study provides a reference for the deformation control in deep roadways with composite roofs under similar conditions.


Mining Engineering


The authors are grateful to the staff at the Hulusu Coal Mine and Menkeqing Coal Mine for their assistance during the field measurements. This work is financially supported by the Outstanding Innovation Scholarship for Doctoral Candidate of "Double First Rate" Construction Disciplines of CUMT.

Keywords and Phrases

Coal-rock structure; Composite roof; Energy balance; Mechanical property; Safety control; Support principle

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Article - Journal

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Final Version

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© 2019 The Author(s), All rights reserved.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Publication Date

01 Jul 2019