Direct numerical simulations (DNS) are used to examine the pressure fluctuations generated by fully developed turbulence in supersonic turbulent boundary layers with an emphasis on both pressure fluctuations at the wall and the acoustic fluctuations radiated into the freestream. The wall and freestream pressure fields are first analyzed for a zero-pressure gradient boundary layer with Mach 2.5 and Reynolds number based on momentum thickness of approximately 2835. The single and multi-point statistics reported include the wall pressure fluctuation intensities, frequency spectra, space-time correlations, and convection velocities. Single and multi-point statistics of surface pressure fluctuations show good agreement with measured data and previously published simulations of turbulent boundary layers under similar flow conditions. Spectral analysis shows that the acoustic fluctuations outside the boundary layer region have much lower energy content within the high-frequency region. The space-time correlations reflect the convective nature of the pressure field both at the wall and in the freestream, which is characterized by the downstream propagation of pressure-carrying eddies. Relative to those at the wall, the pressure-carrying eddies associated with the freestream signal are larger and convect at a significantly lower speed. The preliminary DNS results of a Mach 6 boundary layer show that the pressure rms in the freestream region is significantly higher than that of the lower Mach number case. © 2012 by Lian Duan, Meelan M. Choudhari and Minwei Wu.
L. Duan et al., "Numerical Study Of Pressure Fluctuations Due To High-speed Turbulent Boundary Layers," 42nd AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference and Exhibit 2012, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Jan 2012.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2012-3070
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
Article - Conference proceedings
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01 Jan 2012