In studying the stability due to axisymmetric disturbances of the developing flow of an incompressible fluid in the entrance region of a circular tube, a generalized version of the Orr-Sommerfeld equation was derived which takes account of the radial velocity component in the main flow. The new terms in the generalized Orr-Sommerfeld equation are inversely proportional to the Reynolds number. The resulting eigenvalue problem consisting of the disturbance equation and the boundary conditions was solved by a direct numerical integration scheme along with an iteration procedure. Neutral stability curves and critical Reynolds numbers at various axial locations are presented. A comparison of the present results with those from the conventional Orr-Sommerfeld equation in which the effect of the main-flow radial velocity is neglected, shows that inclusion of the radial velocity contributes to a destabilization of the main flow. © 1976 by ASME.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1528-9036; 0021-8936

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2023 American Society of Mechanical Engineers, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1976