Efficient Two-Way Coupled Analysis of Steady-State Particle-Laden Hypersonic Flows


A previously developed direct solution approach for surface erosion in particle-laden hypersonic flows is extended for use in low-cost two-way coupled solutions of dilute gas-particle flows. The Trajectory Control Volume (TCV) method, which uses a sparse set of probe particles to predict surface erosion distributions on general vehicles, is reformulated for the solution of source terms by subdividing TCVs along their mean trajectory and computing a flux difference through the sub volumes. The approach is verified successfully against a boundary layer solution and shown to agree well with experimental measurements. A representative Mars entry case, with conditions and geometry based on the ExoMars Schiaparelli capsule, is solved with the approach to study the impact of two-way coupling on surface heating and erosion. Results indicate that for realistic loading conditions, heating is largely unmodified compared to one-way coupled results at peak heating trajectory conditions, and no measureable difference is observed in the surface erosion rate. At increased loading conditions, collisional heating produces a significant overall heating increase.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


This work was supported by the National Science Foundation, Grant 80NSSC19K1150.

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Publication Date

01 Jan 2022