In additive manufacturing (AM), the surface roughness of the deposited parts remains significantly higher than the admissible range for most applications. Additionally, the surface topography of AM parts exhibits waviness profiles between tracks and layers. Therefore, post-processing is indispensable to improve surface quality. Laser-aided machining and polishing can be effective surface improvement processes that can be used due to their availability as the primary energy sources in many metal AM processes. While the initial roughness and waviness of the surface of most AM parts are very high, to achieve dimensional accuracy and minimize roughness, a high input energy density is required during machining and polishing processes although such high energy density may induce process defects and escalate the phenomenon of wavelength asperities. In this paper, we propose a systematic approach to eliminate waviness and reduce surface roughness with the combination of laser-aided machining, macro-polishing, and micro-polishing processes. While machining reduces the initial waviness, low energy density during polishing can minimize this further. The average roughness (Ra = 1.11 µm) achieved in this study with optimized process parameters for both machining and polishing demonstrates a greater than 97% reduction in roughness when compared to the as-built part.
M. M. Parvez et al., "A Novel Laser-Aided Machining and Polishing Process for Additive Manufacturing Materials with Multiple Endmill Emulating Scan Patterns," Applied Sciences, vol. 11, no. 20, article no. 9428, MDPI, Oct 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.3390/app11209428
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Additive manufacturing; Aluminum deposition; Direct energy deposition; Laser-aided machining; Macro-polishing; Micro-polishing
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Oct 2021