Rapid Freeze Prototyping is a solid freeform fabrication process that uses water as the main build material in a cold environment to create three-dimensional parts. A eutectic sugar-water solution (C6H12O6 – H2O) has been used as a sacrificial material in order to create complex 3D parts with features such as overhangs. A study of the interaction of the build and support materials is presented in this paper. The temperature of both materials during deposition and subsequent cooling is modeled using a semi-empirical model and a theoretical model. A concentration model is used to predict the concentration in the fabricated parts around the interface of the two materials with predicted temperatures as input. Experiments are conducted to validate both the temperature and concentration models.

Meeting Name

18th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium (2007: Aug. 6-8, Austin, TX)


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


The authors graciously acknowledge the financial support of the study from the National Science Foundation Grants DMI-0321712 and IIP-0637556.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type




Publication Date

08 Aug 2007

Included in

Manufacturing Commons