Ice structures with complex geometries and overhung areas are created by the Rapid Freeze Prototyping (RFP) process in a sufficiently cool environment by freezing water into ice as the main material in conjunction with a eutectic dextrose-water solution as the sacrificial support material. The supported areas in an ice structure are removed via an increase in temperature in a separate environment after the structure is completely fabricated. To understand to what extent these two materials mix during fabrication, two methods of modeling the concentration changes that occur near the interface of the main and support materials have been developed. The simulation results based on these models along with some experimentally measured data are presented in this paper.

Meeting Name

19th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium (2008: Aug. 4-6, Austin, TX)


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


The authors graciously acknowledge the financial support of the study from the National Science Foundation Grants DMI-0321712 and IIP-0637556.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type




Publication Date

06 Aug 2008

Included in

Manufacturing Commons