Under arc-jet test conditions, ZrB2-SiC ceramic will undergo high temperature oxidation and develop an external glassy layer (SiO2), zirconia sub-layer (ZrO2) and SiC-depleted diboride layer (ZrB2). This study relates to finite element modeling of the effects of oxidation on heat transfer and mechanical behavior of ZrB2-SiC ceramic under arc-jet test conditions. A steady-state heat transfer FE method was employed to conduct the heat transfer analysis to obtain the temperature distribution in the inner body of the cone. The surface thermal conditions available in the literature were used in the heat transfer analysis. The resulting temperature distribution in the inner body of the cone is then applied to the thermomechanical finite element analysis to calculate the thermal stress distribution. The results show that the oxide layers affect both thermal and mechanical response of the ZrB2-SiC ceramic under arc-jet high temperature test conditions. Due to the mismatch of material properties between the bulk ZrB2-SiC and its new products after oxidation, the outer oxide layers constrain the thermal deformation of the inner bulk ZrB2-SiC thereby putting it in compression and outside oxide layers in tension.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center

Second Research Center/Lab

Center for High Performance Computing Research


This project was funded under subcontract 10-S568-0094-01-C1 through the Universal Technology Corporation under prime contract number FA8650-05-D-5807.

Keywords and Phrases

Finite element; ZrB2-SiC ceramic; Oxidation; Arc-jet

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Publication Date

01 Aug 2018