Abstract

Nondiffracting Bessel, Mathieu, and Weber vector beams are generated by using ring-shaped plasmonic geometric metasurfaces. The nondiffracting vector beam is produced by the superposition of two off-axis right-handed and left-handed circularly polarized nondiffracting scalar beams described by the Whittaker integral, which are simultaneously generated by a single metasurface with the ring-shaped phase profile. The polarization states of the generated nondiffracting vector beams are analyzed by the Stokes parameters and the orbital angular momentum states are measured by the beam interference. In addition, the selfhealing properties of nondiffracting vector beams are further demonstrated, showing that not only the beam profiles but also the polarization states can be recovered behind the small opaque obstacle. The demonstrated ring-shaped plasmonic metasurfaces provide a compact and efficient platform to produce complex nondiffracting vector beams and pave the way to many promising applications related to spin and orbital angular momentum conversion, quantum information processing, optical manipulation, and optical communication.

Department(s)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Angular momentum; Optical communication; Plasmonics; Polarization; Quantum optics, Circularly polarized; Optical manipulation; Orbital angular momentum; Orbital-angular-momentum state; Polarization state; Quantum-information processing; Self-healing properties; Stokes parameters, Vectors

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2331-7019

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2019 American Physical Society (APS), All rights reserved.

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