Ultra-broadband strong absorption over 92% covering the infrared wavelength range of 1 ~ 6μm is demonstrated by using the tapered hyperbolic Au-SiO2 multilayer waveguides on glass substrates. Such broadband absorption is formed by the stop-light modes at various wavelengths located at different waveguide widths. A planar hyperbolic waveguide model is built to determine the stop-light modes by considering both forward and backward guided modes. The stop-light modes located inside the Au-SiO2 multilayer waveguide are simulated at the absorption peaks by reducing the Au loss. Tapered multilayer waveguides with varying top widths are further simulated, fabricated and measured, indicating the almost linear relation between the waveguide width and the stop-light wavelength. Moreover, the broadband absorption of tapered waveguide is proved to be angle-insensitive and polarization-independent, and the heat generation and temperature increase are also discussed.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center


National Science Foundation (NSF) (DMR-1552871, ECCS-1653032); Office of Naval Research (ONR) (N00014-16-1-2408).

Keywords and Phrases

Gold compounds; Light absorption; Multilayers; Silica; Substrates; Ultra-wideband (UWB); Broadband absorption; Forward-and-backward; Hyperbolic waveguides; Infrared wavelengths; Multilayer waveguides; Polarization independent; Strong absorptions; Temperature increase; Waveguides

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2018 Optical Society of America (OSA), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2018