Optimum Distribution of Smart Stiffeners in Sandwich Plates Subjected to Bending or Forced Vibrations


The problems of optimum distribution of active stiffeners manufactured from piezoelectric or shape memory alloy materials and bonded to or embedded within the facings of a sandwich plate are considered. The sandwich plate consists of thin composite or isotropic facings which are in the state of plane stress and a thick shear deformable core. The amplitude of forced vibrations of the plate is reduced using symmetric couples of piezoelectric stiffeners subjected to out-of-phase dynamic voltages. Shape memory alloy stiffeners are used to reduce bending deformations. In the latter case, a desirable effect is achieved by activating the stiffeners on one side of the middle surface. Optimum design is considered based on the requirement of minimal transverse static or dynamic deflections subject to a constraint on the volume of smart stiffeners. The variables employed in the process of optimization are the ratios of the cross-sectional areas of the stiffeners in each direction to their respective spacings. It is shown, that, dependent on the load, materials, and geometry, optimum design can significantly reduce deflections, i.e. enhance the strength, of sandwich plates. Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science Limited.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

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Article - Journal

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© 1996 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1996