Rapid Freeze Prototyping (RFP) builds a three-dimensional ice part according to its CAD model by depositing and rapidly freezing water in a layer-by-layer manner. To study the water deposit in RFP, assumptions are made based on the deformation of water droplet impinging on a flat substrate, the thermal analysis of a new layer of water deposit, and the characteristics of solidification of a water drop. The equations governing the cross-sectional profile of the water deposit are then established. A model of water deposit is proposed by simplifying the equations under our experimental conditions in RFP. By using this model, equations for layer thickness of vertical and slant walls built by RFP are derived and verified by experiments.

Meeting Name

11th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium (2000: Aug. 8-10, Austin, TX)


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Computer-Aided Design; Rapid Freeze Prototypes

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type




Publication Date

10 Aug 2000

Included in

Manufacturing Commons