Estimation of Contact Force on Composite Plates Using Impact-Induced Strain and Neural Networks


A method of determining the contact force on laminated composite plates subjected to low velocity impact is developed using the finite element method and a neural network. The backpropagation neural network is used to estimate the contact force on the composite plates using the strain signals. The neural network is trained using the contact force and strain histories obtained from finite element simulation results. The finite element model is based on a higher order shear deformation theory and accounts for von-Karman non-linear strain-displacement relations. The non-linear time dependent equations are solved using a direct iteration scheme in conjunction with the Newmark time integration scheme. The training process consists of training the network with strain signals at three different locations. The effectiveness of different neural network configurations for estimating contact force is investigated. The neural network approach to the estimation of contact force proved to be a promising alternative to more traditional techniques, particularly for on-line health-monitoring system.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Contact Force; Plates; Neural Networks

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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© 1998 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1998