Performance Characterization of Turboshaft Engines Using Work Potential Methods


This paper develops and describes work potential analysis methods applicable to turboshaft engine flow-fields. These methods are based on the second-law of thermodynamics and enable a unified, comprehensive assessment of engine performance at the part, component, and system levels. The focus herein is on using gas specific power as a work and loss figure of merit for analyzing turboshaft engines. This is shown to be a useful tool for assessing local performance potential in a gas turbine flow-field. The fundamental relationships between heat, work, and irreversibility in turboshaft engines are then developed and the relationship of flow irreversibility to engine performance losses is discussed. These theoretical ideas are formulated in a method that enables characterization of performance losses in terms of engine spatial location and loss mechanism. This method is then demonstrated at the engine system level via cycle analysis, at the component level via quasi 1-D analysis, and at the part level via a stator row multi-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulation analyzed in terms of irreversible entropy production.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Aerospace; Engineering

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2005 American Helicopter Society, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Oct 2005