Removal of Iron from Aluminum: A Review
Kawatra, S. K.
In this paper, the Fe-rich phases in and their detrimental effect on aluminum alloys are summarized. The existence of brittle platelet β-Fe-rich phases lowers the mechanical properties of aluminum alloys. The methods to neutralize the detrimental effect of iron are discussed. The use of high cooling rate, solution heat treatment, and addition of elements such as Mn, Cr, Be, Co, Mo, Ni, V, W, Cu, Sr, or the rare earth elements Y, Nd, La, and Ce are reported to modify the platelet Fe-rich phases in aluminum alloys. The mechanism of the modification is briefly described. Technologies to remove iron from aluminum are reviewed extensively. The precipitation and removal of Fe-rich phases (sludge) are discussed. The dense phases can be removed by methods such as gravitational separation, electromagnetic (EM) separation, and centrifuge. Other methods include electrolysis, electro-slag refining, fractional solidification, and fluxing refining. The expensive three-layer cell electrolysis process is the most successful technique to remove iron from aluminum so far.
L. Zhang et al., "Removal of Iron from Aluminum: A Review," Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 99 - 157, Taylor & Francis, Jan 2012.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1080/08827508.2010.542211
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
alloys; aluminum; modification; Centrifugation; Cerium alloys; Electrolysis; Iron alloys; Iron removal (water treatment); Manganese; Mechanical properties; Platelets; Rare earth elements; Refining; Slags; Strontium
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2012 Taylor & Francis, All rights reserved.
01 Jan 2012