Processing and Characterization of ZrB₂-based Ultra-high Temperature Monolithic and Fibrous Monolithic Ceramics


Zirconium diboride (ZrB2) based ultra-high temperature ceramics either unmodified or with SiC particulate additions of 10, 20, or 30 volume percent were prepared by conventional hot pressing. The ZrB2-SiC compositions had improved four-point bend strength compared to the ZrB2 prepared in our laboratory as well as other reported ZrB2 or ZrB2-SiC materials. Strength and toughness increased as the amount of SiC increased. Measured strengths ranged from sim550 MPa for ZrB2 to over 1000 MPa for ZrB2-30% SiC. Likewise, toughness increased from 3.5 MPa to more than 5 MPa over the same composition range. The addition of SiC also improved oxidation resistance compared to pure ZrB2. Co-extrusion processing was used to produce ZrB2-based ultra-high temperature ceramics with a fibrous monolithic structure. Samples had dense ZrB2-30 vol% SiC cells approximately 100 mgrm in diameter surrounded by porous ZrB2 cell boundaries approximately 20 mgrm thick. ZrB2-based fibrous monoliths had four point bend strength of sim450 MPa, about half of a conventional ZrB2-SiC ceramic with the cell composition. Preliminary analysis of fracture behavior found that ZrB2-based fibrous monoliths did not exhibit graceful failure because the difference in strength between the cell and cell boundary of the current materials was not sufficient.


Materials Science and Engineering


United States. Air Force. Office of Scientific Research
United States. Department of Education. Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need
United States. Department of Education

Keywords and Phrases

Hot Pressing; Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics; Zirconium Diboride

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2004 Springer Verlag, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Oct 2004