Iron Redox Equilibrium, Structure, and Properties of Iron Phosphate Glasses


Iron redox equilibrium, structure and properties were investigated for 40Fe2O3-60P2O5 (mol%) glasses melted at different temperatures. The Fe2+/(Fe2++Fe3+) ratio increased from 17% to 50% as the melting temperature changed from 1150°C to 1400°C. The equilibrium constant, K, for the reaction of Fe3+ being reduced to Fe2+ varied with temperature as lnK=9.40-1.58×104/T. The Raman and infrared spectra indicated that the basic iron pyrophosphate structure of the 40Fe2O3-60P2O5 (mol%) glasses did not change as the Fe2+/(Fe2++Fe3+) ratio changed. All of the properties did not change to any major degree with increasing the melting temperature. The molar volume decreased while the density increased with increasing Fe2+/(Fe2++Fe3+) ratio. It was found by DTA and XRD that two phases, Fe3(P2O7)2 and Fe4(P2O7)3, crystallized from the glass when the glass was heated in nitrogen. The crystallization behavior suggested that the amount of the crystal, Fe3(P2O7)2, may increase with increasing Fe2+/(Fe2++Fe3+) ratio, which supported the opinion that there are some structural similarities between the iron phosphate glass and the crystalline Fe3(P2O7)2 in terms of the iron coordination number and bonding of the phosphate groups. The decrease in dc resistivity and increase in dielectric constant and dielectric loss tangent, which occurred with increasing the Fe2+/(Fe2++Fe3+) ratio, were attributed to the increase of the electronic hopping from Fe2+ ions to Fe3+ ions.


Materials Science and Engineering


United States. Department of Energy

Keywords and Phrases

Glass; Iron; Redox Equilibrium; Redox Reactions

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0022-3093; 1873-4812

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2001 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 May 2001