Electronic Relaxation in Zinc Iron Phosphate Glasses


The electrical and dielectric properties of 10ZnO-30Fe2O3-60P2O5 (mol%) glasses, melted at different temperatures were measured by impedance spectroscopy in the frequency range from 0.01 Hz to 3 MHz and over the temperature range from 303 to 473 K. It was shown that the dc conductivity strongly depends on the Fe(II)/[Fe(II) + Fe(III)] ratio. With increasing Fe(II) ion content from 17% to 37% in these glasses, the dc conductivity increases. Procedure of scaling conductivity data measured at various temperatures into a single master curve is given. The conductivity of the present glasses is made of conduction and conduction-related polarization of the polaron hopping between Fe(II) and Fe(III), both governed by the same relaxation time, τ. The high frequency dispersion in electrical conductivity arises from the distribution in τ caused by the disordered glass structure. The evolution of the complex permittivity as a function of frequency and temperature was investigated. At low frequency the dispersion was investigated in terms of dielectric loss. The thermal activated relaxation mechanism dominates the observed relaxation behavior. The relationship between relaxation parameters and electrical conductivity indicates the electronic conductivity controlled by polaron hopping between iron ions.


Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Dielectric Properties; Relaxation; Electric Modulus; Phosphates

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0022-3093; 1873-4812

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2007 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Aug 2007