The thermomechanical properties of carbon fiber reinforced silicon carbide ceramic matrix composites (Cf/SiC CMCs) were studied up to 2000 °C using high temperature in situ flexural testing in argon. The CMC specimens were fabricated using an ultrahigh concentration (66 vol%) aqueous slurry containing nano-sized silicon carbide powder. The SiC powder compacts were obtained by drying the slurry and were densified using the precursor impregnation and pyrolysis (PIP) method with field assisted sintering technology/spark plasma sintering (FAST/SPS). The high relative density of the SiC green body (77.6%) enabled densification within 2.5 days using four PIP cycles. In contrast, conventional PIP processes take over 7 days. The in situ flexural strength of the Cf/SiC CMC was 434 MPa at 1750 °C, which was 84% higher than the room temperature value. The value further increased to 542 MPa at 2000 °C. Possible mechanisms to explain the excellent strength of the CMC at elevated temperatures are discussed.


Materials Science and Engineering

Publication Status

Open Access


National Science Foundation, Grant CAP22000-000

Keywords and Phrases

ceramic matrix composite (CMC); precursor impregnation and pyrolysis (PIP); silicon carbide (SiC); spark plasma sintering method (SPS)

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Article - Journal

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Final Version

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© 2024 The Authors, All rights reserved.

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Publication Date

01 Jan 2024