Strontium zirconate (SrZrO3) is a technical ceramic with potential for refractory applications due to its chemical stability at high temperatures, high melting temperature, and favorable thermal expansion coefficient. Practical use of SrZrO3 is limited by poor mechanical strength relative to ceramics such as alumina (Al2O3). Sintering of SrZrO3 with a hydratable Al2O3 binder is investigated as a method for improving mechanical performance. Density, phase composition, thermomechanical properties, and chemical stability in contact with alloys up to 1350 °C are considered. Results are compared with SrZrO3 samples formed using a traditional polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) binder. SrZrO3 reacts with alumina during sintering to form SrAl2O4 and ZrO2. Compared to the PVA binder, the alumina binder drastically reduced porosity in the ceramic, while increasing the indirect tensile strength and fracture toughness. No significant detriment to thermal expansion or chemical stability was found, offering potential for high-temperature applications particularly as a dense crucible material.


Materials Science and Engineering


Air Force Research Laboratory, Grant FA8650-20-C-5206

Keywords and Phrases

Alumina; Phase evolution; Refractory ceramics; Strontium zirconate

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1873-619X; 0955-2219

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2023 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2023