Particles of Borophosphate Glasses with the Nominal Molar Compositions 16Na2O-(24-Y)CaO-YSrO-XB2O3-(60-X)P2O5 (Mol%), Where 0 ≤ X ≤ 60 and Y = 0, 12, and 24, Were Reacted in Deionized Water and in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF) at 37 °C. for the Dissolution Experiments in Water, the PH of the Solution at the Conclusion of the Experiments Increased Systematically, from 2.1 to 9.5, for Y = 0 Glasses When 'x' Increased from 0 to 60. the Reaction Rates over the First 8–24 H of Dissolution in Both SBF and Deionized Water Followed Linear Kinetics, with Reaction Rates Dependent on Glass Composition. for Glass Particles in SBF, Replacing P2O5 with Up to 20 Mol% B2O3 Decreased the Dissolution Rate (Fraction Dissolved) by Two Orders of Magnitude, from 7.0 X 10−3 H−1 for X = 0 to 2.0 X 10−5 H−1 for X = 20. Further Replacement of P2O5 by B2O3 Increased Dissolution Rates by Three Orders of Magnitude, to 2.3 X 10−2 H−1 at X = 60. the Compositional Dependence of the Dissolution Rates is Explained by Changes in the Glass Structure, with the Most Durable Glasses Possessing the Greatest Fraction of Tetrahedral Borophosphate Sites in the Glass Network. Crystalline Brushite Was Detected on Ca-Glasses with 35 and 40 Mol% B2O3, But the Dominant Precipitation Phase on Both the Ca- and Sr-Glasses is an X-Ray Amorphous Material Constituted from Orthophosphate and Pyrophosphate Anions.


Materials Science and Engineering


U.S. Department of Education, Grant None

Keywords and Phrases

Bioactive Glass; Borate; Borophosphate; Dissolution; Glasses; Phosphate

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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© 2023 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jun 2023