High-Temperature Oxidation Behavior of the SiC Layer of TRISO Particles in Low-Pressure Oxygen
Surrogate Tristructural-Isotropic (TRISO)-Coated Fuel Particles Were Oxidized in 0.2 KPa O2 at 1200–1600°C to Examine the Behavior of the SiC Layer and Understand the Mechanisms. the Thickness and Microstructure of the Resultant SiO2 Layers Were Analyzed using Scanning Electron Microscopy, Focused Ion Beam, and Transmission Electron Microscopy. the Majority of the Surface Comprised Smooth, Amorphous SiO2 with a Constant Thickness Indicative of Passive Oxidation. the Apparent Activation Energy for Oxide Growth Was 188 ± 8 KJ/mol and Consistent Across All Temperatures in 0.2 KPa O2. the Relationship between Activation Energy and Oxidation Mechanism is Discussed. Raised Nodules of Porous, Crystalline SiO2 Were Dispersed Across the Surface, Suggesting that Active Oxidation and Redeposition Occurred in Those Locations. These Nodules Were Correlated with Clusters of Nanocrystalline SiC Grains, Which May Facilitate Active Oxidation. These Findings Suggest that Microstructural Inhomogeneities Such as Irregular Grain Size Influence the Oxidation Response of the SiC Layer of TRISO Particles and May Influence their Accident Tolerance.
A. Bratten et al., "High-Temperature Oxidation Behavior of the SiC Layer of TRISO Particles in Low-Pressure Oxygen," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Wiley, Jan 2023.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.19032
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
electron microscopy; high temperature; oxidation; SiC; TRISO particles
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2023 Wiley, All rights reserved.
01 Jan 2023
U.S. Department of Energy, Grant NRC 31310018M0044