Fusion Welding of Refractory Metals and ZrB₂-SiC-ZrC Ceramics


Molybdenum and a molybdenum alloy were fusion welded to ZrB2-based ceramics to determine if the electrical and thermal properties of the metals and ceramics affected their weldability. Commercial ceramic powders were hot pressed, machined into coupons, and preheated to 1600 °C before joining the ceramics to commercial metals using plasma arc welding. Weldability varied as indicated by the range of porosity observed within the fusion zones. Measured thermal and electrical properties appeared to have little to no effect on the weldability of metal-ceramic welds despite the large range of values measured across each property. Differences in melting temperatures between metal and ceramic coupons did affect weldability by changing the weld penetration depth into ceramic coupons. Future studies on metal-ceramic welds are suggested to investigate the effect that work function, melt viscosity, wetting, or other properties have on weldability.


Materials Science and Engineering


This work was funded by Honeywell Federal Manufacturing and Technologies through contract number N000335755. Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies, LLC operates the Kansas City National Security Campus for the United States Department of Energy / National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract Number DE-NA0002839.

Keywords and Phrases

Borides; Carbides; Joints/joining; Refractory Metals; Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1873-619X; 0955-2219

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2022 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Oct 2022