Processing, Microstructure, and Mechanical Properties of Hot-Pressed ZrB₂ Ceramics with a Complex Zr/Si/O-Based Additive
Densification behavior, microstructure, and mechanical properties of zirconium diboride (ZrB2) ceramics modified with a complex Zr/Si/O-based additive were studied. ZrB2 ceramics with 5-20 vol.% additions of Zr/Si/O-based additive were densified to >95% relative density at temperatures as low as 1400°C by hot-pressing. Improved densification behavior of ZrB2 was observed with increasing additive content. The most effective additive amount for densification was 20 vol.%, hot-pressed at 1400°C (∼98% relative density). Microstructural analysis revealed up to 7 vol.% of residual second phases in the final ceramics. Improved densification behavior was attributed to ductility of the silicide phase, liquid phase formation at the hot-pressing temperatures, silicon wetting of ZrB2 particles, and reactions of surface oxides. Room temperature strength ranged from 390 to 750 MPa and elastic modulus ranged from 440 to 490 GPa. Vickers hardness ranged from 15 to 16 GPa, and indentation fracture toughness was between 4.0 and 4.3 MPa·mm1/2. The most effective additive amount was 7.5 vol.%, which resulted in high relative density after hot-pressing at 1600°C and the best combination of mechanical properties.
E. W. Neuman et al., "Processing, Microstructure, and Mechanical Properties of Hot-Pressed ZrB₂ Ceramics with a Complex Zr/Si/O-Based Additive," International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 2224 - 2236, Wiley, Nov 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1111/ijac.13866
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Densification; Mechanical Properties; Microstructure; ZrB 2; ZrSi2
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Nov 2021