Effects of Microstructure on the Oxidation Behavior of A3 Matrix-Grade Graphite
The oxidation behavior of matrix-grade graphite in air- or steam-ingress accident scenarios is of great interest for high-temperature gas reactors (HTGRs). In this study, the microstructures of two variants of matrix-grade graphite based on the German A3-3 and A3-27 formulations were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Raman spectroscopy, and correlated to oxidation behavior observed through thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Through TEM imaging and selected area electron diffraction (SAED), a higher volume fraction of partially graphitized carbon was identified in the A3-3 type graphite than in the A3-27 type. This structure is believed to have contributed to the accelerated oxidation exhibited by A3-3 in the chemical reaction-controlled oxidation regime.
A. Bratten et al., "Effects of Microstructure on the Oxidation Behavior of A3 Matrix-Grade Graphite," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 584-592, Wiley, Jan 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.17468
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Matrix Graphite; Microstructure; Oxidation; TEM; TGA/DSC
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Jan 2021