Effect of Moisture on the Oxidation Behavior of ZrB₂


Oxidation studies of ZrB2 were performed under wet air and dry air conditions at 1200°C, 1400°C, and 1500°C for 1, 4, and 10 h. Compared to dry air, the presence of water vapor was found to enhance the oxidation kinetics by a factor of 7 to 30, depending on the temperature. Thermodynamic calculations suggested that water vapor promoted the formation of additional volatile species such as boric acid (HBO2), in addition to boria (B2O3) produced in dry air, which increased the evaporation rate of B2O3. Compared to dry air, the presence of water vapor leads to more rapid evaporation of boria and the transition from parabolic oxidation kinetic behavior (ie, rate controlled by diffusion through boria) to linear (ie, underlying ZrB2 is directly exposed to the oxidizing environment) at shorter times and lower temperatures.


Materials Science and Engineering


Named one of the best papers of 2021 by the Journal of the American Ceramic Society (ACerS).

Keywords and Phrases

Oxidation; Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics; Zirconia

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0002-7820; 1551-2916

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2021 American Ceramic Society, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Feb 2021