Effect of Moisture on the Oxidation Behavior of ZrB₂
Oxidation studies of ZrB2 were performed under wet air and dry air conditions at 1200°C, 1400°C, and 1500°C for 1, 4, and 10 h. Compared to dry air, the presence of water vapor was found to enhance the oxidation kinetics by a factor of 7 to 30, depending on the temperature. Thermodynamic calculations suggested that water vapor promoted the formation of additional volatile species such as boric acid (HBO2), in addition to boria (B2O3) produced in dry air, which increased the evaporation rate of B2O3. Compared to dry air, the presence of water vapor leads to more rapid evaporation of boria and the transition from parabolic oxidation kinetic behavior (ie, rate controlled by diffusion through boria) to linear (ie, underlying ZrB2 is directly exposed to the oxidizing environment) at shorter times and lower temperatures.
R. Naraparaju et al., "Effect of Moisture on the Oxidation Behavior of ZrB₂," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 1058 - 1066, Wiley, Feb 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.17500
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Oxidation; Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics; Zirconia
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Feb 2021