Scale formed during slab reheating can be difficult to remove by high-pressure descaling, having a negative impact hot roll surface quality. A large-capacity thermogravimetric apparatus that replicates the combustion atmosphere and temperature in a slab reheat furnace was used to investigate scale formation on 430 stainless steel. Effects of reheating parameters (temperature, time and atmosphere) on oxidation kinetics were investigated. Oxidized samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction to document the microstructure and morphology of scale. Mechanisms for the formation of multi-layered oxide structures that complicate oxidation kinetics and scale removal are discussed.
R. Osei et al., "Scale Formation on 430 Stainless Steel in a Simulated Slab Combustion Reheat Furnace Atmosphere," Proceedings of the AISTech 2020 (2020, Cleveland, OH), pp. 1126-1137, Association for Iron & Steel Technology (AIST), Sep 2020.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.33313/380/120
AISTech 2020 (2020: Aug. 31-Sep. 3, Cleveland, OH)
Materials Science and Engineering
Peaslee Steel Manufacturing Research Center
Keywords and Phrases
Transfer Bar; Oxidation Kinetics; Scale Structure; Oxide Phases
Article - Conference proceedings
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03 Sep 2020