Selective laser melting (SLM) is well suited for the efficient manufacturing of complex structures because of its manufacturing methodology. The optimized process parameters for each alloy has been a cause for debate in recent years. In this study, the hatch angle and build orientation were investigated. 304L stainless steel samples were manufactured using three hatch angles (0◦, 67◦, and 105◦) in three build orientations (x-, y-, and z-direction) and tested in compression. Analysis of variance and Tukey's test were used to evaluate the obtained results. Results showed that the measured compressive yield strength and plastic flow stress varied when the hatch angle and build orientation changed. Samples built in the y-direction exhibited the highest yield strength irrespective of the hatch angle; although, samples manufactured using a hatch angle of 0◦ exhibited the lowest yield strength. Samples manufactured with a hatch angle of 0◦ flowed at the lowest stress at 35% plastic strain. Samples manufactured with hatch angles of 67◦ and 105◦ flowed at statistically the same flow stress at 35% plastic strain. However, samples manufactured with a 67◦ hatch angle deformed non-uniformly. Therefore, it can be concluded that 304L stainless steel parts manufactured using a hatch angle of 105◦ in the y-direction exhibited the best overall compressive behavior.


Materials Science and Engineering

Second Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center

Second Research Center/Lab

Center for High Performance Computing Research


Support from Intelligent Systems Center (ISC) and Center for Aerospace Manufacturing Technologies (CAMT) at Missouri University of Science and Technology is gratefully acknowledged.

Keywords and Phrases

Analysis of Variance; Build Orientation; Compression Testing; Hatch Angle; Selective Laser Melting (SLM); Stainless Steel; Tukey€™s Test

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2504-4494; 2504-4494

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2019 The Authors, All rights reserved.

Creative Commons Licensing

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Publication Date

01 Jun 2019