Filtration Efficiency of Inclusions in Lightweight FeMnAl Steels
The efficiency of ceramic foam filters in removing different inclusion populations in a Fe-30Mn-9Al-1Si-0.9C-0.5Mo steel was investigated. A mold design was created utilizing fluid flow and solidification modeling software. The design utilized a common pouring cup attached to two different but balanced gating systems. One runner utilized a ceramic foam filter, while the other runner was unfiltered. Three molds were poured in sequence from a teapot-style ladle. Metallographic samples revealed extensive Al- and Mn-rich oxide bi-films in samples taken before the filter. Samples sectioned after the filter did not contain bi-films. AlN or complex AlN-MnS or AlN-MnO comprised more than 70% of all inclusions. Samples sectioned from the first two molds showed an inclusion removal efficiency of 38% and 39%, respectively. Larger inclusions greater than 3 µm were more efficiently filtered. The third mold with the greatest number of larger inclusions showed the highest inclusion removal efficiency of 55%.
K. Balasubramanian et al., "Filtration Efficiency of Inclusions in Lightweight FeMnAl Steels," International Journal of Metalcasting, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 328 - 341, Springer, Apr 2020.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s40962-019-00372-7
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
bi-films; FeMnAl steel; filtration; nonmetallic inclusions
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Apr 2020