Microstructural Evolution and Mechanical Properties of (Mg,Co,Ni,Cu,Zn)O High-Entropy Ceramics
The reaction sequence and mechanical properties were studied for (Mg,Co,Ni,Cu,Zn)O high-entropy ceramics that were synthesized using field-assisted sintering technology. The evolution from binary oxide starting powders to a single-phase rock salt structure exhibited a distinct incorporation sequence. For the rock salt oxides, MgO and CoO had the lowest vacancy formation energies and were the first to be incorporated into the high-entropy ceramic followed by NiO, which had a higher vacancy formation energy. Both CuO and ZnO had different crystal structures, and were incorporated into the single phase structure after the rock salt oxides due to the additional energy barrier associated with the transformations from their original structures to the rock salt structure. Distinctive morphological features including Cu-rich regions and lattice distortion were observed in the high entropy ceramic. In addition, a trade-off between densification and grain growth resulted in a maximum in strength (323 MPa) and elastic modulus (108 GPa) after densification at 900°C. This study has revealed new information that can be used to design other high-entropy ceramics including selection criteria for constituent compounds based on crystal structure and defect formation energy as well as the effects of grain size and porosity on control strength and elastic modulus.
W. Hong et al., "Microstructural Evolution and Mechanical Properties of (Mg,Co,Ni,Cu,Zn)O High-Entropy Ceramics," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 2228-2237, Blackwell Publishing Inc., Apr 2019.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.16075
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Field-Assisted Sintering Technology; High-Entropy Ceramics; Mechanical Property; Phase Evolution
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2019 The American Ceramic Society, All rights reserved.
01 Apr 2019