Crystal Plasticity Modeling the Deformation in Nanodomained Heterogenous Structures


Nanodomained heterogenous structures characterized by randomly dispersed nanograins (NGs) embedded in the coarser grains (CGs) have demonstrated an exciting potential to break the strength-ductility trade-off, providing high strength without the loss of ductility. Here, using a combination of discrete crystal plasticity finite element (discrete-CPFE) model and dislocation density-based CPFE model, we study the effects of grain size, volume fraction of nanograins on the strength and deformation in nanodomained materials. Our analysis shows that the overall flow stresses of nanodomained samples are equal or higher than the strengths predicted by rule of mixtures. Smaller NGs or higher volume fraction of NGs can make the nanodomained samples stronger, as they can be more effective to promote the dislocation accumulations inside the CGs and eventually raise the critical resolved shear stress for each slip system during the plastic flow. Areas surrounding NGs stored higher dislocation densities and less plastic strain, due to the restricted dislocation motion. Furthermore, NGs grain embedded in the CGs can effectively reduce the anisotropy of strength in the nanodomained samples.


Materials Science and Engineering


This work was supported by NSF CAREER Award (CMMI-1652662). C.Z. also acknowledges support by the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE), award number DMR170093.

Keywords and Phrases

crystal plasticity; finite element model; grain size; nanocrystalline; nanodomain

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0884-2914; 2044-5326

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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Publication Date

01 May 2019