The Design of a Small Endothermic Generator for Laboratory Use
The design and performance testing of a small, electrically heated, endothermic generator using propane is described. The generator is used at the undergraduate and graduate level as a teaching tool and for research. Construction of the generator is detailed. Performance comparisons to a mathematical model of a packed bed is reported. A parametric analysis of operating variables (operating temperature, fuel to air mixture, flow rate, catalyst size, and non-reactive alumina topping) was performed and results provided. Results of the analysis indicated that operating temperatures at least 1,950 F, with an air to propane ratio of 7.6:1, and small catalyst without alumina topping provided the best performance. It was found that the alumina topping contributed to a high exit temperature, but caused a premature sooting reaction at the exit end of the retort.
D. S. MacKenzie and J. W. Newkirk, "The Design of a Small Endothermic Generator for Laboratory Use," Proceedings of the International Conference on Carburizing and Nitriding with Atmospheres (1995, Cleveland, OH), pp. 191, ASM International, Dec 1995.
International Conference on Carburizing and Nitriding with Atmospheres (1995: Dec. 6-8, Cleveland, OH)
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Steels; Carburization; Furnaces; Design; Performance; Propane; Air; Safety; Chemical Reactions; Carbon Monoxide; Carbon Dioxide; Hydrogen; Water; Nitrogen; Chemical Composition; Equilibrium; Mathematical Models; Energy; Catalysts; Laboratory Equipment
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
Article - Conference proceedings
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