Corrosion Resistance of MgO-C Refractory to Smelting Reduction Slag Containing Titania


Interactions between smelting reduction slags containing titania (0.2-20 wt-%TiO2) and MgO-C refractories have been investigated by stationary immersion and rotary immersion at temperatures of 1773-1923 K. The relationship between the concentration of TiO2 in the slag and the corrosion rate of the refractories, the effects of slag basicity (CaO/SiO2), and the effect of the temperature of the molten bath on the corrosion rate were examined. Increasing the TiO2 concentration in the slag caused an increase in the corrosion rate of the MgO-C refractories. The corrosion rate also increased when the temperature was increased. Increasing the basicity of the acid slag decreased the corrosion rate, but this effect was not evident when the basicity of slag exceeded 1.0. The corrosion mechanism of MgO-C refractories in smelting reduction melts containing titania involves the oxidation of graphitic carbon by TiO2 and the formation of a deterioration layer containing Ti and TiC, together with the reaction of matrix MgO with slag to form MgAl2O4, MgCaSiO4, and MgSiO3.


Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Alkalinity; Carbon; Corrosion Resistance; High Temperature Operations; Liquid Metals; Magnesia; Oxidation; Reaction Kinetics; Reduction; Slags; Smelting; Titanium Oxides; Molten Bath; Rotary Immersion; Smelting Reduction Slag; Stationary Immersion; Refractory Materials

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Article - Journal

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© 2002 Taylor & Francis, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Sep 2002