Dislocation-Induced Anomalous Softening of Solid Helium


The classical motion of gliding dislocation lines in slip planes of crystalline solid helium leads to plastic deformation even at temperatures far below the Debye temperature and can affect elastic properties. In this work we propose that the gliding of dislocations and plasticity may be the origin of many observed elastic anomalies in solid4He, which have been argued to be connected to supersolidity. We present a dislocation motion model that describes the stress-strain-curves and work-hardening rate d/d of a shear experiment performed at constant strain rate in solid helium. The calculated d/d exhibits strong softening with increasing temperature owing to the motion of dislocations, which mimics anomalous softening of the elastic shear modulus. In the same temperature region the motion of dislocations causes dissipation with a prominent peak.


Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Dislocation Dynamics; Plasticity; Solid4He; Superfluidity; Classical Motion; Constant Strain Rate; Crystalline Solids; Dislocation Motion; Elastic Properties; Elastic Shear Modulus; Gliding Dislocations; Slip Plane; Solid Helium; Supersolidity; Temperature Regions; Work-Hardening Rate

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Article - Journal

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© 2012 Taylor & Francis, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2012