Microstructure and Mechanical Behavior of Mg-10Li-3Al-2.5Sr Alloy


As-cast Mg-10Li-3Al-2.5Sr alloy was prepared and extruded at 340°C using double change channel pressing (DCCAP) with an extrusion ratio of 4.5. The microstructure and mechanical response of the as-cast and the extruded alloy are reported and discussed. The present results show that Mg-10Li-3Al-2.5Sr alloy contains bcc β-Li, hcp α-Mg and Al4Sr phases, and that the matrix primarily consists of the β-Li phase. The microstructure in the as-cast alloy shows ultrafine primary regions and coarse eutectic structures with an average grain size of 450nm, attributable to the solidification conditions. Dynamic recrystallization (DRX) is reported to occur during the DCCAP process and DRX lead to grain refinement in coarse eutectic regions and a concomitant increase of grain size in ultrafine primary regions. As a result of DRX, the microstructure in the extruded alloy, with an average grain size of 501nm, is more homogeneous than that in the as-cast one. Moreover, the dislocation density in the DCCAP-processed alloy is lower than that in the as-cast alloy as a result of DRX. The tensile strength of the as-cast alloy (172±7MPa) is slightly higher than that of the extruded one (165±6MPa), whereas the ductility of the extruded alloy (42.2±3.0%) is significantly higher than that of the as-cast one (13.6±1.0%).


Materials Science and Engineering

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Article - Journal

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© 2014 Elsevier Ltd, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Aug 2014