Studies of Lead-iron-phosphate Glasses by Raman, Mössbauer and Impedance Spectroscopy


The effect of Fe2O3 content on electrical conductivity and glass stability against crystallization in the system PbO-Fe2O3-P2O5 has been investigated using Raman, XRD, Mössbauer and impedance spectroscopy. Glasses of the molar composition (43.3 − x)PbO-(13.7 + x)Fe2O3-43P2O5 (0 less-than-or-equals, slant x less-than-or-equals, slant 30), were prepared by quenching melts in the air. with increasing Fe2O3 content and molar O/P ratio there is corresponding reduction in the length of phosphate units and an increase in the Fe(II) ion concentration, which causes a higher tendency for crystallization. Raman spectra of the glasses show that the interaction between Fe sites, which is essential for electron hopping, strongly depends on the cross-linking of the glass network. The electronic conduction of these glasses depends not only on the Fe(II)/Fetot ratio, but also on easy pathways for electron hopping in a non-disrupted pyrophosphate network. The Raman spectra of crystallized glasses indicate a much lower degree of cross-linking since more non-bridging oxygen atoms are present in the network. Despite the significant increase in the Fe2O3 content and Fe(II) ion concentration, there is a considerable weakening in the interactions between Fe sites in crystalline glasses. The impedance spectra reveal a decrease in conductivity, caused by poorly defined conduction pathways, which are result of the disruption and inhomogeneity of the crystalline phases that are formed during melting.


Materials Science and Engineering


International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA-Vienna)

Keywords and Phrases

Lead-Iron-Phosphate Glasses; Impedance spectroscopy; Mossbauer spectroscopy; Raman spectroscopy

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0022-3093; 1873-4812

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2005 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2005