Measurement of Thermal Residual Stresses in ZrB₂-SiC Composites


Neutron diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and x-ray diffraction were employed to measure the stresses generated in the ZrB2 matrix and SiC dispersed particulate phase in ZrB2-30 vol% SiC composites produced by hot pressing at 1900 °C. Neutron diffraction measurements indicated that stresses begin to accumulate at ∼1400 °C during cooling from the processing temperature and increased to 880 MPa compressive in the SiC phase and 450 MPa tensile in the ZrB2 phase at room temperature. Stresses measured via Raman spectroscopy revealed the stress in SiC particles on the surface of the composite was ∼390 MPa compressive, which is ∼40% of that measured in the bulk by neutron diffraction. Grazing incidence x-ray diffraction was performed to further characterize the stress state in SiC particles near the surface. Using this technique, an average compressive stress of 350 MPa was measured in the SiC phase, which is in good agreement with that measured by Raman spectroscopy.


Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Borides; SiC; Residual Stress; Composites; Neutron Diffusion

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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© 2011 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Aug 2011