A Historical Perspective on Research Related to Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics
Research on boride and carbide ceramics experienced significant growth during the late 1990s and early 2000s. Interest in these materials was motivated primarily by aerospace applications associated with hypersonic aviation, atmospheric re-entry, and rocket propulsion, but these materials have also been examined for other uses related to molten metal handling, high temperature electrodes, and advanced nuclear reactors. This is not the first wave of interest in the refractory boride and carbide ceramics, which were previously researched extensively in the 1960s and 1970s. The purpose of this chapter is to review historic studies on this class of materials that were performed in the United States up through the end of the 1970s. These studies began in the early 1960s as part of the space race. During this era, researchers in the U.S. and Soviet Union were searching for materials that could be used to design and construct space vehicles. The sections that follow review the origin of the name Ultra-High temperature ceramics (UHTCs), early research on boride and carbide materials from around the globe, the initial search in the U.S. for materials that could withstand the extreme environments associated with rocket propulsion and atmospheric re-entry, and the detailed research on boride ceramics that was funded by the U.S. Air Force.
W. Fahrenholtz et al., "A Historical Perspective on Research Related to Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics," Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics: Materials for Extreme Environment Applications, pp. 6-32, Wiley Blackwell, Nov 2014.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118700853.ch2
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Boride ceramics; Historic studies; Ultra-High temperature ceramics
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
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01 Nov 2014