Reducing the sintering temperature of BaTiO3 has typically been achieved through the use of a fluxing agent to promote densification by liquid phase sintering. Liquid phase formation in these systems is due either to the melting of the flux or to the formation of a eutectic liquid between the flux and BaTiO3. In this paper, the correlation between the wettability and interfacial reactions between fluxes and BaTiO3 with respect to the densification behavior associated with liquid phase sintering, and the resulting dielectric properties is presented. Fluxes used in this study include 5ZnO*2B2O3, 5CdO*2SiO2, Pb5Ge3O11, CuO*TiO2, 3Bi2O3*B2O3, and LiF.

Meeting Name

9th IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, 1994


Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

BaTiO3; Bi2O3-B2O3; CdO-SiO2; CuO-TiO2; LiF; Pb5Ge3O11; ZnO-B2O3; Barium Compounds; Ceramics; Densification; Dielectric Properties; Eutectic Liquid; Ferroelectric Materials; Fluxed-BaTiO3; Fluxing Agent; Interfacial Reaction; Liquid Phase Sintering; Melting; Sintering; Sintering Temperature; Surface Chemistry; Wettability; Wetting

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 1994 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1994