Direct-write Assembly of Silicate and Borate Bioactive Glass Scaffolds For Bone Repair


Todd, R. I.


Silicate (13-93) and borate (13-93B3) bioactive glass scaffolds were created by robotic deposition (robocasting) of organic solvent-based suspensions and evaluated in vitro for potential application in bone repair. Suspensions (inks) were developed, characterized, and deposited layer-by-layer to form three-dimensional scaffolds with a grid-like microstructure (porosity ≈50%; pore width 420 ± 30 μm). The mechanical response of the scaffolds was tested in compression, and the conversion of the glass to hydroxyapatite (HA)-like material in a simulated body fluid (SBF) was evaluated. As fabricated, the 13-93 scaffolds had a compressive strength 142 ± 20 MPa, comparable to the strength of human cortical bone, while the strength of the 13-93B3 scaffolds (65 ± 11 MPa), was far higher than that for trabecular bone. when immersed in SBF, the borate 13-93B3 scaffolds converted faster than the silicate 13-93 scaffolds to an HA-like material, but they also showed a sharper decrease in strength with immersion time. Based on their high compressive strength and bioactivity, the scaffolds fabricated in this work by robocasting could have potential application in the repair of load-bearing bone.


Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Robocasting; Bioactive Glass; Solid Freeform Fabrication; Scaffold; Bone Repair

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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© 2012 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2012